Report consists from internal anaysis and an elaboration of data obtained from ENTSO-E
* presented report includes Greece
* Due to lack of data provided by ENTSO-E, Kosovo results are omitted from the report
Generation mix 2014-2017,MW
Electricity balance in 2017
Albania has an electricity sector that completely relies on hydro power and imports. It does not emit CO2, but is highly dependent on importing electricity. Imports satisfied over 40% of the country’s overall demand.
The country seems to slowly move in the direction of sustainable energy. In this light, Albanian state-owned utility recently announced plans to develop a 12.9 MW floating solar unit. However, no considerable RES were implemented so far.
Three of the country’s key issues are:
Lack of a stable and concise regulatory framework in line with European standards;
Lack of a coherent energy development strategy that would define straight-cut goals and a detailed plan of action;
Complicated bureaucratic procedures and prolonged permitting processes.
Until these issues are not resolved, it seems that the energy sector will hardy be able to move forward. Any larger investment would require some form of government support or a public-private partnership.
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Stari Most Mostar
Generation mix 2014-2017,MW
Electricity generation in 2017
Bosnia and Herzegovina heavily relies on its lignite fired power plant fleet. In fact, in September 2016, a new 300 MW lignite power plant of Stanari started commercial operation underlining the country’s commitment to its thermal power portfolio
Despite emitting a great deal of CO2, the country:
Has no long-term strategy regarding the reduction of carbon emissions;
Is not a part of the EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), nor does it plan to become a member of the scheme;
Does not have plans that entail the adoption of EU acquis communautaire in a short-term period.
Despite ambitious plans regarding renewables, the country did not have a significant operational renewable energy source in 2017. However, a number of wind farm projects are being developed by private entities, most of them trying to complete the permitting processes. These projects have the potential to add several hundred megawatts of renewable energy capacity.
It would be of the utmost importance for the country to carefully examine all the examples of RES implementation in the nearby surroundings in order to avoid the mistakes and issues some of the countries faced. It is inevitable that subsidising renewables will present an additional expense for the energy sector. Raised costs should be reflected on electricity prices for end consumers. However, raising household electricity prices proved to be a very delicate problem for a number of countries in the region as it directly affected the living standard of citizens. On the other hand, having electricity prices that do not reflect on the production costs, can only result in a serious distortion and lead to considerable financial losses that would undermine the stability of the entire energy sector. Until then, the country will continue to use its lignite units (70% of demand) and hydro power plants (30% of demand) to produce electricity.